Before writing an argumentative essay:
- it is important to look at/do some research on arguments for and against the chosen topic.
- Once this is done, all evidence should be put together as this will be needed for the essay.
- Then the writing can begin.
Writing an argumentative essay can easily go wrong if certain things are not taken into consideration. In general, when writing an essay, there are three parts to it which will be; the introduction, the body/main content, then the conclusion. For the body of an argumentative essay to be complete, it should be split into two. So, that portion of the essay will contain
1) the presentation of the entire topic and the reasoning behind this argument. All thoughts should be developed here.
2) rebutting the opposing arguments constructively. Although the argument will refer to the opponents’ arguments, it should be based on thoughts developed in the previous section. The main thing that people look out for when reading an argumentative essay is the logic behind the argument/quality of notions and the organisation of the arguments
Here is a guide on how a plan of your work of an argumentative essay should look
Find a way to draw the reader in. Have a strong opening statement that will make the reader want to keep reading. State your position on the topic also. Depending on what the argument is about, give the reader something to refer to. If it is a literary work of art, the name of the author and the title of his/her work should be referred to. If it is a law case, a brief explanation pointing the reader to the case. This gives a background to what the reader should expect. Be sure to split these into paragraphs, the opening paragraph before the context.
II) The body
1) the presentation of the entire topic and the reasoning behind the argument – This is the purpose of this essay. This should state why the essay is being written in the first place. Present the topic, explain it and then give evidence presenting the strongest points of the opposing argument - facts, examples, data, proof or anything that would support this argument should come in here. These should be well presented. For an argumentative essay to achieve its purpose, it should convince the reader on the subject. In that regard, the presentation and the organisation of thoughts.
2) rebutting the opponents’ arguments constructively – The same that was done for the opposing argument should be done from the point of the writer. This is where the strongest points should be stated and the reader should be convinced about the writers point of view. This might be the longest part of the essay. To end this part of the paper, there should be a closing statement stating the writer’s stance again.
Having stated your stance, relate it to what you are trying to achieve. If this is not taken into consideration, how will it affect anything? What is the relevance of your topic? To whom? Make recommendations in the conclusion. Here is an example of a concluding statement (this is illusory) - According to recent reports from the University of Webber, if climate change is not checked, there is a high chance that drought will occur in more parts of the world with increased temperatures that have dried a huge part of the water in the Mississippi. In order to check this…recommendations follow, then a picture of how you would like things to be. In conclusion, it is easy to get emotional when writing an argumentative essay. Ensure that this is not the case. State points objectively and where notions need to be countered, they should be done constructively. It also helps to choose words wisely, that is why evidence is relevant. Words such as some, certain, probably, any word that makes the argument vague should be avoided. As this is trying to convince the readers about a subject, it is safe to write with as much certainty as possible, using evidence.