How to Write IELTS Cause and Effect Essay

access_timeMarch 28, 2018

Here is an example of an IELTS cause & effect writing task:

  • Today more people are overweight than ever before.
  • What measures can be taken to overcome this epidemic?
  • What in your opinion are the primary causes of this?

The first and most important step is that you must start generating some ideas. You can now clearly see that the problem is: growing number of obese people. Now start thinking about 2-3 effects and 2-3 causes.

Effects of Obesity:

  1. Social and mental problems.
  2. Health concerns.
  3. Depression and lack of productivity.

Causes of Obesity:

  1. Unhealthy eating habits like eating fast and junk food, beverages that contain high calories, irregular eating, and eating large portions of food.
  2. Laziness and inactive lifestyle like not going to the gym or not doing sports or relying on transportation instead of walking.

And now start using these ideas in your essay.

Essay Experts that may help

The highest scoring IELTS structure is as follows:


Your introduction must be at least two sentences, and no more than five. Start by stating the addressed issue in your essay, and then discuss what you are going to write in your essay.

Causes Paragraph

First of all, you should declare the causes that you concluded while generating ideas. Then write in an academic way, basically assuming that whoever is reading this knows nothing of the subject. Start describing the causes in detail, one by one. For a better essay, you should include examples of what you are talking about.

Effects Paragraph

Use the same method utilized in the causes section. Declare the effects first, explain them in detail, and support them with examples.

Conclusion or Summary

In the conclusion section, you should sum up the effects and causes that you stated before, and restate the problem again. That is how your essay structure should be. You should always structure your essay correctly, or you will be risking lower grades, it is imperative. You’ll beat the other guy’s scores if you structure your essay well. Here are some writing tips for better IELTS essays:

  • Never write about unrelated subjects.
  • Plan your essay in your mind before you start writing it.
  • Always avoid informal language.
  • Take some time to proofread your essay; grammar and vocabulary mistakes will cost you dearly.
  • Never memorize model answers. The examiners are well trained to recognize these, and it will cause your answers to be invalid.
  • Manage your time.
  • Take notes and accurately analyze each task.

If you follow these tips well, you will significantly lower the risk of accidental mistakes such as making vocabulary mistakes, misunderstanding a task, wasting time, etc. A paramount thing to do is to practice writing IELTS essays, there are countless free online examples with some model answers that you can compare to yours. As mentioned before, you shouldn’t memorize these answers, but a good thing to do is finding out what made them “model” answers in the first place. That means try improving your own style by learning from these answers. Remember to centralize your paragraphs. That means you should always talk about one thing at each paragraph; a central topic. You should also use a nice amount of linking words and organize your ideas logically. The examiners will decide your grade based on many factors that can be seen in the form of questions, the most important ones are:

  • How did you respond to the writing tasks? – How was your answer? What were your main ideas? How did you develop these ideas?
  • Cohesion and Coherence – How organized was your essay? Did you use linking words? How did you use the linking words?
  • Your vocabulary wealth – How did you use vocabulary and paraphrasing? How many spelling mistakes did you make?

So, to conclude:

  • Pay attention to everything you write, don’t stray.
  • Structuring your essay is crucial.
  • Take time to understand and analyze your tasks, but also remember not to waste your time.
  • Three essential things to do are to proofread, proofread, and also to proofread.

What’s your Essay Score?

Essay Checker for College Applications or Perfecting your Daily Writing.

Try Free Now

And if you are worried, then listen to these great men:

“Believe you can, and you’re halfway there.”

Theodore Roosevelt

“It always seems impossible until it’s done.”

Nelson Mandela Do not be afraid, it is just a test.

Are you seriously going to be scared of some ink on a paper? Come on.

You may also like
We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we'll assume you're on board with our cookie policy. That's Fine