An automobile refers to a four-wheeled vehicle, usually powered by an internal
combustion engine or an electric motor. These machines have both merits and demerits as far as their impacts on the society are concerned. Their demerits notwithstanding, automobiles have become inseparable with modern life, with their positive impacts significantly improving life.
According to Womack et al., automobiles are very useful transportation machines
which enable people to move from one point to another with much ease. Decreasing the time
spend on travels leads to increased productivity as people are able to arrive early at work and leave late. Additionally, Womack et al. posit that, if the employees of a firm were to walk to work, they would probably arrive while already exhausted and this would lower their efficiency.
Moreover, the automobile industry plays a very pivotal role in creating job opportunities.
According to Gordon, in America for instance, this sector employs tens of thousands of
workers, thereby, assisting the various states in dealing with the issue of unemployment. Further, this sector is known to infuse billions of dollars into the US economy. These resources have been used to finance various programs such as healthcare and education, thereby, contributing to an improved standard of living.
From the above discussions, it is clear that automobiles have improved modern life. As
seen, they have made transportation easier, enhanced productivity and efficiency, created
employment opportunities, and served as a powerful engine driving the economy. The critics of these machines raise arguments such as the contribution they make to pollution. However, according to Sovacool & Hirsh, researchers have made tremendous steps towards
ensuring that electric cars, which do not pollute the environment, replace the current automobiles running on fossil fuels.