Understanding Macroeconomics and its Impact
Introduction to Macroeconomics
When the price of a product you buy, like milk or gas, goes up, it affects you. But have you ever wondered why the price goes up? Is the demand greater than the supply? Or does the cost go up because of the materials that are needed to make that product? To answer those questions, we would need to look at macroeconomics.
Macroeconomics is a unit of economics that deals with the structure, performance, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole rather than just an individual. Macroeconomics studies things like the national income, total savings and investments, total employment, total demand, total supply, and general price levels. It looks at the demand for everything that is produced in the economy, not just the price of milk but the average prices for all goods and services produced in the economy.
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Macroeconomics: Unraveling the Complexities
Macroeconomics helps us understand how the complex modern economic system functions as a whole and describes what level of national income and employment is needed to combine demand and supply. It is important to understand what macroeconomics is and the other branches that go into macroeconomics because they help solve problems like poverty, unemployment, inflation, and deflation. We will talk about the study of economics and how it affects the lives of the population. Positive and normative statements and why they are important and economic reality versus theory. With the knowledge of how the economy functions at a macroeconomic level, we can find out what makes an economy grow because a growing economy will create more jobs and more goods and services, which results in rising standards of living.
Economics in Everyday Choices
Economics can be defined in a few different ways. It is the study of scarcity and how our societies, governments, businesses, households, and individuals distribute their scarce resources among different people and how they respond to the study of decision-making and incentives. In simpler terms, it is about making choices. We make all kinds of choices every day: how much to spend on gas if you make lunch or buy lunch, which way is the best route to work, and whether I should get a dog as a pet. Usually, when people hear the word “economics,” they instantly think about money, but it is not just about money.
It is about weighing out each choice and alternative and deciding which one is the best for you in the long run. Economics affects everyone’s lives in some way, and learning about economic concepts can help you understand the news, make financial decisions, and shape the way you see the world. Economics provides a tool for looking at the possible consequences if you run short of materials and helps you distribute resources effectively and efficiently to society.
The Impact of Positive and Normative Economics
Positive statements and normative statements are two branches of modern economics. Positive economics describes and explains various economic events; it relies on independent record analysis, relevant facts, and related figures. They use objective statements that can be tested, amended, or rejected simply by referring to the evidence available. For example, if the government decided to raise its tax on beer, this would lead to a fall in profits for the brewers.
They would then have to raise the prices of their beer to even out the increase in tax. On the other hand, normative economics focuses on the value of economic fairness of what the economy should be. This is a subjective statement of opinion rather than facts that can be tested by looking at the evidence. For example, pollution is the most serious economic problem that we are currently facing, and the retirement age should be lowered to 60 to combat the effects of our aging population. Predictions about the economy are infamous for being wrong.
- Mankiw, N. G. (2016). Principles of Macroeconomics (8th ed.). Cengage Learning.
- Blanchard, O. J., & Johnson, D. R. (2018). Macroeconomics (8th ed.). Pearson.
- Cowen, T., & Tabarrok, A. (2017). Modern Principles of Economics (4th ed.).
- Samuelson, P. A., & Nordhaus, W. D. (2015). Economics (20th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.